試譯自:
The One Straw Revolution by Masanobu Fukuoka

小心地越過這片田。蜻蜓和蛾像陣風似地飛過,蜜蜂在花間飛來飛去。撥開樹葉你會看見昆蟲、蜘蛛、青蛙、蜥蜴和許許多多小動物熱鬧地窩在涼快的陰影下,而鼴鼠和蚯蚓藏身在地底。

這是一個平衡的稻田生態。在這裡,昆蟲與植物社群維持一個穩定的關係。植物病蟲害席捲這個地區,卻獨留這片土地上的作物不受侵襲,這樣的情況常常發生。 Read the rest of this entry »

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試譯自:The One Straw Revolution by Masanobu Fukuoka

最近人們問起我為何在多年前開始這樣的耕種方式。到目前為止我沒有跟任何人提過。你也可以說沒有什麼好說的,那很簡單,能怎麼說呢,一個突然的震驚,閃光般的,由一個小小的經驗開始。

那領悟完全改變了我的人生。沒有什麼好說的,真要說的話,也許可以說是像 “人什麼都不懂。萬事沒有任何真正的價值。所有行動均是無用且無意義的努力。“ 聽起來似乎很荒謬,但如果將之化為文字,就是如此。 Read the rest of this entry »

試譯自:
The One Straw Revolution by Masanobu Fukuoka

我相信一場革命可以始於這一根稻草,這稻草也許看來輕且不重要,很難讓人相信它可以開始一場革命。但是我已了解到這根稻草的重量及力量。於我而言,這是場真實的革命。

看看這片裸麥及大麥田。每四分之一英畝約生產一千三百磅(22 bushels)的麥子。我相信這達到愛媛縣的最高產量。而如果這和整個愛媛縣的最高產量相等,我們很容易的可以推論出這和整個日本的最高產量相等,因為這裡是全日本最主要農產區之一。然而,這片土地二十五年來都沒有被翻過土。 Read the rest of this entry »

節錄自 2006國家生態電影節˙會議記錄
『面對自然.書寫森林─自然寫作的第一課』座談會

凌拂建議:雖然人都有「種植」的慾望,但如果有一大花園的話,最好應該要考慮留下一塊空地進行「野放」

「野放」的觀念:

*不經人為修飾,而以自然的方式,讓植物在小小的一塊空地上,隨意成長。
*以這種概念經營土地,能夠以最省力的方式,自然聚集最多樣的物種,並能在不同的季節裡,呈現出多樣的生命景觀,隨時都會有新奇地變化。而不是像普通「園藝植物」花園一般,需要人們大量用大量的心力與金錢來栽培及照顧,而且景色也是單調與一成不變的。
*「園藝花園」雖然看起來景觀非常富麗,但其所代表的意義卻是「死寂」。在完美的表相下,「園藝花園」有的只是人為的控制,缺乏其他生命的共同參與,無法吸引生命。

The most suitable clay to use is red terracotta clay, collected from a site free of weed seed. Often, digging deep will ensure that no unwanted seeds become part of the mix! The clay needs to be dried and ground finely to ensure a lump free mixture. Two bricks can serve as an effective grinder. Other clays, the blues and whites are not suitable for this process, as they contain minerals, which interfere with the growth of the seedlings. Read the rest of this entry »

http://smallisbeautiful.blogspot.com/

by Anita from India

This is a traditional method of growing crops wherein 5,7,9 or 12 varieties (I think any number is ok, they somehow mentioned these:)) are planted together. It is a mixture of rice, maize, millets, daals and oil seeds. Apparently people in the mountains have small pieces of land and they grow crops in this fashion since it provides them with the different food items they need. It makes sense in the face of today’s volatile market to diversify. In case, the price of one of the items falls, the farmer does not go broke as he or she would if they were growing a single crop. With this kind of diversity, they also eat well. The plants are not all competing for the same nutrients and they complement each other in what they draw out of the soil. Pests don’t turn into epidemics since they do easily encounter another plant that they are infesting. The harvesting time of each crop is different, though they are sown at the same time. So the harvesting work is sort of spread out. This is good way to improve the fertility of the soil within a year. What would usually take about 3 years can be done in 1 since the plants support each other.

Too many positive aspects. There must be some problem with this set up, no? Well, harvesters will not work in this kind of a set up. And who needs harvesters on a small farm anyway. Small is beautiful, what else can I say!

http://smallisbeautiful.blogspot.com/

by Anita from India

Organic has come to mean many things. Whole Foods stocks organic strawberries. Well, they are organic in that they haven’t been sprayed with chemicals. But how have these strawberries been grown? More often than not, on large monoculture farms in California. That’s organic, isn’t it? Yes, in terms of the being synthetic chemical free. But one needs to question where the organic compost, mulch etc is coming from. The minute a farm is huge and mechanized, it becomes difficult to prepare these on the farm. The farm is still dependant on external inputs, which are perhaps being shipped thousands of miles. So is this model really sustainable? Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Michiyo from Japan

I think that more experiments are needed to get the answer, but there’s a good possibility that seedballs are good as the seed storage if the clayballs are made airtight, crack-free made with appropriate clay–which we don’t know what exactly. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Raju from India

Generally we grow soybeans in rainy season. We simply scattere seeds in natural ground cover and after germination we cut back cover and spread it over germinating soybean. Small seedlings tempered by feet will not damaged by feet. We grow wheat in winter, same way in the ground cover of subabul seedlings we scatter seeds of wheat and sprinkle water for germination ,after germination we cut back seedlings of subabul .This is also possible in the cover of soybean. In the leguminous ground cover non legume crops do well, and in the grass leguminous crops such as soybean do well.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Michiyo from Japan

we used small portion of peat moss(泥碳苔), and as for clay, we purchased the kind
for roof tile(屋瓦).

The reason why this type of clayball to be considered better was that, it did not melt by the extraordinary heavy rain during the winter time of that year. Other ones by concrete mixer or by hands completely melted although some seed germinated in the springtime from the ground. Read the rest of this entry »