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 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/6504

 by Shawn from Ohio, USA

 I have a small garden, for a couple of year I ploughed it. I noticed every year it become more compacted than the year before. So I stopped ploughing it. I noticed even throughout the year my soil is less compacted.
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http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming

by Robin from Virginia, USA

For those of us who feel a need to “take care of what I already have” before buying additional plants and seeds i notice that there are quite a few wild “scrub trees” like black locust, wild cherry, persimmon, black walnut and several others whose names allude me right now, coming up on my grounds, in places where i’ve stopped mowing. (sorry, i don’t know the scientific names either, but pretty much any tree like this will work); they seem to appear around tall weeds. when i come across one of these seedlings, i try to favor it. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Raju from India

Anything which cover land can be used as ground cover crop. Suppose your land is covered by grass ,you can easily grow leguminous crops like Cow pea ,Black gram, Soybean etc. without tilling. But for Wheat or any grass family grain, non grass cover is essential. Cow pea,Black gram,Soy been,Vecth etc. can be used as ground cover crop seasonal. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/6552

by Raju from India

When we were in third year of natural way of farming Fukuoka visited our farm and advised do not cut leguminous trees for mulch because it provide nitrogen by roots and keep land moist, need not to give extra water to crops. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Raju from India

More than 20 yrs ago I was also in your position wanted self-sufficiency through land. First I tried modern scientific way of agricultuer, my land become desert and am bankrupt. Than I read One Straw Revolution written by Masnobu Fukuoka a natural farmer of Japan. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Raju from India

Generally we grow soybeans in rainy season. We simply scattere seeds in natural ground cover and after germination we cut back cover and spread it over germinating soybean. Small seedlings tempered by feet will not damaged by feet. We grow wheat in winter, same way in the ground cover of subabul seedlings we scatter seeds of wheat and sprinkle water for germination ,after germination we cut back seedlings of subabul .This is also possible in the cover of soybean. In the leguminous ground cover non legume crops do well, and in the grass leguminous crops such as soybean do well.

*沒有農業經驗的人也可以實行
*不是農業用地的地方,小面積的土地也可以實行(biodiversity多元 / 而不是單一作物的大型有機農業)
*少花費(肥料、農藥)
*少灌溉(雨水/ 而不是大型水庫、地下水)
*不用動力(石油、動物),只要手套、鐮刀等就可以
*少人力

*自家育種,而不是依靠購買、基因改良,強壯的種子,原生種
*有機食品不是有錢人才吃得起的食物,而是自然的狀態

*地被植物(ground cover)
地被植物有許多好處︰
1.抑制雜草生長。
2.由於植被,水蒸氣由下而上產生溼氣。
3.提供蚯蚓涼爽的環境。
4.土壤裡微生物的幫助下,地被植物的根提供很好的養分。
5.預防土壤沖蝕。
6.給青蛙、蜥蜴等可以抑制害蟲的小動物提供遮蔽。
7.保持溫度。
8.保護土壤免受雨水、空氣、陽光曝曬、沖蝕。
9.撒下的種子可免被鳥兒吃掉。
10.為了讓作物繼續生長,我們將地被植物割掉,然後鋪撒在田裡,保護作物生長和提供養分。 Read the rest of this entry »

*灌溉
在印度的夏季(3~5月),我們用少量的水灌溉,但後來了解到,甚至是灌溉本身也是不自然的。很重要的一點是,水不僅從天而來,也從地底下來,自然農法可以將雨水留在土壤裡。所以我們逐漸將灌溉的水量從13H.P.漸減到1H.P.,但這也和我們種什麼有關。不建議使用噴灑式的灌溉,因為那會將許多鹽分留在葉表。雖然我們有兩口淺井,但我們不用井水灌溉,因為我們覺得從井裡打來越多的水,被污染的水就越多。目前我們從一條流經我們田裡的溪裡取水,簡單地用水管灌溉。我們不將水灌滿稻田,在田裡種樹和深根的perineal作物一樣可以提供稻田需要的水分。白天裡地底的水藉由葉片蒸發,到了夜晚側根可以溼潤土表。地被植物可以保持土壤溫度和溼潤。 Read the rest of this entry »

acacia是(印度)最適合的地被植物(ground cover),具深根性、固定大氣游離氮以改良土壤,預防作物疾病、野草控制、富含蛋白質、綠化沙漠、燃木、種子可以作為地被植物等等優點。acacia和稻稈做成的護根可以提供土壤養分,給蚯蚓、微生物、藻類和許許多多昆蟲、蜥蜴、青蛙一個安全的居所。

不用事先去擔心蟲害或疾病的問題,在自然農法裡,我們不殺一蟲,這個農法本身就會控制蟲害。各種草包括野草是顯示土壤肥沃度的指標,如果你看到一個地方寸草不生,你需要在那撒點種子。 Read the rest of this entry »