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The most suitable clay to use is red terracotta clay, collected from a site free of weed seed. Often, digging deep will ensure that no unwanted seeds become part of the mix! The clay needs to be dried and ground finely to ensure a lump free mixture. Two bricks can serve as an effective grinder. Other clays, the blues and whites are not suitable for this process, as they contain minerals, which interfere with the growth of the seedlings. Read the rest of this entry »

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http://smallisbeautiful.blogspot.com/

by Anita from India

This is a traditional method of growing crops wherein 5,7,9 or 12 varieties (I think any number is ok, they somehow mentioned these:)) are planted together. It is a mixture of rice, maize, millets, daals and oil seeds. Apparently people in the mountains have small pieces of land and they grow crops in this fashion since it provides them with the different food items they need. It makes sense in the face of today’s volatile market to diversify. In case, the price of one of the items falls, the farmer does not go broke as he or she would if they were growing a single crop. With this kind of diversity, they also eat well. The plants are not all competing for the same nutrients and they complement each other in what they draw out of the soil. Pests don’t turn into epidemics since they do easily encounter another plant that they are infesting. The harvesting time of each crop is different, though they are sown at the same time. So the harvesting work is sort of spread out. This is good way to improve the fertility of the soil within a year. What would usually take about 3 years can be done in 1 since the plants support each other.

Too many positive aspects. There must be some problem with this set up, no? Well, harvesters will not work in this kind of a set up. And who needs harvesters on a small farm anyway. Small is beautiful, what else can I say!

http://smallisbeautiful.blogspot.com/

by Anita from India

Organic has come to mean many things. Whole Foods stocks organic strawberries. Well, they are organic in that they haven’t been sprayed with chemicals. But how have these strawberries been grown? More often than not, on large monoculture farms in California. That’s organic, isn’t it? Yes, in terms of the being synthetic chemical free. But one needs to question where the organic compost, mulch etc is coming from. The minute a farm is huge and mechanized, it becomes difficult to prepare these on the farm. The farm is still dependant on external inputs, which are perhaps being shipped thousands of miles. So is this model really sustainable? Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Michiyo from Japan

I think that more experiments are needed to get the answer, but there’s a good possibility that seedballs are good as the seed storage if the clayballs are made airtight, crack-free made with appropriate clay–which we don’t know what exactly. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Raju from India

Generally we grow soybeans in rainy season. We simply scattere seeds in natural ground cover and after germination we cut back cover and spread it over germinating soybean. Small seedlings tempered by feet will not damaged by feet. We grow wheat in winter, same way in the ground cover of subabul seedlings we scatter seeds of wheat and sprinkle water for germination ,after germination we cut back seedlings of subabul .This is also possible in the cover of soybean. In the leguminous ground cover non legume crops do well, and in the grass leguminous crops such as soybean do well.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Michiyo from Japan

we used small portion of peat moss(泥碳苔), and as for clay, we purchased the kind
for roof tile(屋瓦).

The reason why this type of clayball to be considered better was that, it did not melt by the extraordinary heavy rain during the winter time of that year. Other ones by concrete mixer or by hands completely melted although some seed germinated in the springtime from the ground. Read the rest of this entry »

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Raju in India

Take good quality nicely cleaned, powdered clay soil. Clay is generally used in making earthen pots. This is rich in humus (Mixture of nitrogen fixing bacteria, eggs of earthworms and seeds of so many biodiversity. This alone having capacity to convert desert in to green.) Read the rest of this entry »

*沒有農業經驗的人也可以實行
*不是農業用地的地方,小面積的土地也可以實行(biodiversity多元 / 而不是單一作物的大型有機農業)
*少花費(肥料、農藥)
*少灌溉(雨水/ 而不是大型水庫、地下水)
*不用動力(石油、動物),只要手套、鐮刀等就可以
*少人力

*自家育種,而不是依靠購買、基因改良,強壯的種子,原生種
*有機食品不是有錢人才吃得起的食物,而是自然的狀態

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/

by Jim Bones from West Texas, US

*撒下種子、觀察、學習,最重要的是,just do it,不要想太多,讓自然向你揭露,從自然中學習。

*大地之母的尊嚴和基本需求。

*不幸的是,每個人都留給別人去保護荒野,而我們自己卻去將更多的土地犁田翻土。 Read the rest of this entry »

*地被植物(ground cover)
地被植物有許多好處︰
1.抑制雜草生長。
2.由於植被,水蒸氣由下而上產生溼氣。
3.提供蚯蚓涼爽的環境。
4.土壤裡微生物的幫助下,地被植物的根提供很好的養分。
5.預防土壤沖蝕。
6.給青蛙、蜥蜴等可以抑制害蟲的小動物提供遮蔽。
7.保持溫度。
8.保護土壤免受雨水、空氣、陽光曝曬、沖蝕。
9.撒下的種子可免被鳥兒吃掉。
10.為了讓作物繼續生長,我們將地被植物割掉,然後鋪撒在田裡,保護作物生長和提供養分。 Read the rest of this entry »

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